Weather Pathfinder Honour

1 g
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Explain how each of the following is formed:
Identify either in the sky or from pictures the following types of clouds: cirrus, cumulus, stratus, nimbus. What kind of weather is associated with each.
Explain the action of a mercury or spirit thermometer, a mercury barometer, an aneroid barometer, and a rain gauge.
Why is it possible to be rainy on one side of the mountain range and dry on the other? Give an illustration for your country or region.
Why is it cooler and more moist in the mountains than in the lowlands?
From which direction do rain and clear weather usually come in your locality?
Show with the help of a diagram how the earth's relationship to the sun produces the seasons.
What causes lightning and thunder? What different kinds of lightning are there?
Show with the help of a diagram what a convection is. What is its relation to winds?
Explain how radar, satellites, and computers are used in weather forecasting.
Tell how the following can affect our weather:
Jet stream
Volcano eruption
Make a drawing showing the water cycle in weather.
Make a simple wind vane or rain gauge.
Keep a weather chart for one week and record readings at 12-hour intervals. Include the following:
Moisture (dew, fog, rain, frost, or snow)
Cloud formation
Wind direction